NASA Unveils First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope

NASA Unveils First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope: #Carina Nebula, #Stephan's Quintet #Southern Ring Nebula #WASP-96 b #SMACS 0723
First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope

The first complete package of scientific images made by the world’s largest and most powerful space telescope The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) was released today (July 12). These images were revealed in a live broadcast carried out by NASA (United States space agency) and the same was unveiled by President Joe Biden during a White House event Monday, July 11.

First Images from the James Webb Space Telescope

These are the details of the first images from the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) released by NASA ;

  1. Carina Nebula
  2. Stephan's Quintet
  3. Southern Ring Nebula
  4. WASP-96 b
  5. SMACS 0723.

#1) Carina Nebula

Carina Nebula
According to NASA, this image is named: "Carina Nebula"

This landscape of “mountains” and “valleys” speckled with glittering stars is actually the edge of a nearby, young, star-forming region called NGC 3324 in the Carina Nebula. Captured in infrared light by NASA’s new James Webb Space Telescope, this image reveals for the first time previously invisible areas of star birth.

Called the Cosmic Cliffs, Webb’s seemingly three-dimensional picture looks like craggy mountains on a moonlit evening. In reality, it is the edge of the giant, gaseous cavity within NGC 3324, and the tallest “peaks” in this image are about 7 light-years high. The cavernous area has been carved from the nebula by the intense ultraviolet radiation and stellar winds from extremely massive, hot, young stars located in the center of the bubble, above the area shown in this image.

#2) Stephan's Quintet

Stephan's Quintet
According to NASA, this image is named: Stephan’s Quintet
Stephan’s Quintet, a visual grouping of five galaxies, is best known for being prominently featured in the holiday classic film, “It’s a Wonderful Life.” Today, NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope reveals Stephan’s Quintet in a new light. This enormous mosaic is Webb’s largest image to date, covering about one-fifth of the Moon’s diameter. It contains over 150 million pixels and is constructed from almost 1,000 separate image files. The information from Webb provides new insights into how galactic interactions may have driven galaxy evolution in the early universe.

With its powerful, infrared vision and extremely high spatial resolution, Webb shows never-before-seen details in this galaxy group. Sparkling clusters of millions of young stars and starburst regions of fresh star birth grace the image. Sweeping tails of gas, dust, and stars are being pulled from several of the galaxies due to gravitational interactions. Most dramatically, Webb captures huge shock waves as one of the galaxies, NGC 7318B, smashes through the cluster.

#3) Southern Ring Nebula

Southern Ring Nebula
This image shows the end of a star's life: the Southern Ring Nebula (NGC 3132). 
The photo shows the waves of gas and dust expelled by the star at its center after an explosion. "Webb will allow astronomers to better understand planetary nebulae like the one seen in the image — clouds of gas and dust expelled by dying stars. Understanding what molecules are present, and where they are in the layers of gas and dust, will help researchers refine their knowledge of these celestial objects," NASA said in a statement.
According to NASA,
Some stars save the best for last.
The dimmer star at the center of this scene has been sending out rings of gas and dust for thousands of years in all directions, and NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has revealed for the first time that this star is cloaked in dust.
Two cameras aboard Webb captured the latest image of this planetary nebula, cataloged as NGC 3132, and known informally as the Southern Ring Nebula. It is approximately 2,500 light-years away.
Webb will allow astronomers to dig into many more specifics about planetary nebulae like this one – clouds of gas and dust expelled by dying stars. Understanding which molecules are present, and where they lie throughout the shells of gas and dust will help researchers refine their knowledge of these objects.

#4) WASP-96 b

WASP-96 b

This image was of the spectrum of exoplanet WASP-96 b, a giant from outside the Solar System with half the mass of Jupiter. The discovery of WASP-96 b was announced in 2014.
According to NASA, the telescope picked up a distinct signature of the presence of water, and evidence of clouds and haze in the gas planet's atmosphere. WASP-96 b is orbiting a Sun-like star.
NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has captured the distinct signature of water, along with evidence for clouds and haze, in the atmosphere surrounding a hot, puffy gas giant planet orbiting a distant Sun-like star.
The observation, which reveals the presence of specific gas molecules based on tiny decreases in the brightness of precise colors of light, is the most detailed of its kind to date, demonstrating Webb’s unprecedented ability to analyze atmospheres hundreds of light-years away.

While the Hubble Space Telescope has analyzed numerous exoplanet atmospheres over the past two decades, capturing the first clear detection of water in 2013, Webb’s immediate and more detailed observation marks a giant leap forward in the quest to characterize potentially habitable planets beyond Earth.

#5) SMACS 0723

SMACS 0723
The image shows the galaxy cluster SMACS 0723, full of details. There are hundreds of distant galaxies, never seen so clearly. According to NASA, the image covers a piece of our sky equivalent to a grain of sand seen from an outstretched arm's distance. In the photo, SMACS 0723 appears to us as it was 4.6 billion years ago, according to NASA. These galaxies are so far away from us that their light takes a long time to reach our position in space. So when we look through telescopes, we see the past.
NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has produced the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe to date. Known as Webb’s First Deep Field, this image of galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 is overflowing with detail.
Thousands of galaxies – including the faintest objects ever observed in the infrared – have appeared in Webb’s view for the first time. This slice of the vast universe covers a patch of sky approximately the size of a grain of sand held at arm’s length by someone on the ground.

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